UEFI, GNU/Linux and HP notebooks – problems and how to get it working

There is a lot of confusion and wrong information in the internet about the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) and how to set it up correctly – especially under GNU/Linux. What makes things worse and also confused me a lot is that all vendors tend to implement this “standard” differently. So although UEFI is defined as a new industry standard replacing the BIOS, it can hardly be called “standard” at this time. Yet another problem of understanding UEFI is, that people seem to mix up words that have a special meaning.

My old notebook still uses the old BIOS-MBR setup, not capable of any UEFI fancy-ness. But it is dying, so I recently bought a new one. It is an “HP EliteBook 840 G1”. I used that opportunity to familiarize myself with UEFI and GNU/Linux.

This article explains two things (only taking GPT setups into account):

  • How is UEFI implemented in practice and set up with GNU/Linux?
  • How to set up UEFI and GNU/Linux on HP notebooks?

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